GenBoard/Manual/CommHardware

Connecting the serial port is very easy, it's only 3 wires

On the ECU, DSUB9 female is used for RS232 (since the PC is DSUB9/male).

ECU DSUB9 male is LCD so do NOT try to connect RS232 to that with any kind of adapter => damage could result.

RS232 is widely used, see [rs232 pinout]. Note that DSUB25 (which is almost never used) standard has TX-RX swapped compared to DSUB9. (DSUB=DB).


How to make the RS232 cable for GenBoard/VerThree

Only 3 wires are needed for the cable. Shielded cable is highly recommended in a production environment. Shield must be connected at only one side (either PC or GenBoard), so ground must have a dedicated wire (DSUB9/pin5) inside the (min. 3 wires + shield) cable. The cable should preferrably not run alongside ignition (or other noisy) wires.

DB9 femaleDirection SV2EC18Earphone plug 
3 --> 1 EC18-pin14 RING Data transmitted by PC, received by genboard
2 <-- 2 EC18-pin15 TOP Data received by PC, transmitted by genboard
5 <-> 3 use GND Base Ground
9 <-- - - - Optional +5V, supply voltage (60mA) for RS232-bluetooth adapter. Check your adapter specs

SV2 is the 3 pin connector next to the MAX232 chip, near the regulator and EC18. Pin 1 on SV2 is the "top" pin, with GND on the side closest to the EconoSeal loom connectors.

Only the SV2 header is populated. The pinout of SV1 is the same. Pin 3 of SV1 is the pin closest to Pin 1 of SV2.

The EC18-pin 14 and 15 are otherwise free pins that are often used (eg. fully assembled units shipped recently) for RS322.

DB9 works well but using a 1/4" earphone plug looks cleaner in an automotive enviroment. Even if 3.5mm plugs is used in the Autronic harness their manual recommends using 1/4" plugs if it's installed in a panel. This is a good advice, go with the 1/4" plug. The biggest problem with 3.5mm is that most of the female connectors are low quality and will cause problems with time.

[RS232 Cable layouts]

DB9 (==DSUB9) connector for PC/Genboard Communication:

Please share the sources for above image. It counterrecmomends EC36-26 as GND for some unknown reason (EC36-pin26 is fine for this purpose).


How to use FBUS connection - TODO: detail

useful with a device (or adapter cable) that doesn't have -+8V compatible RS232, just 0/3V serial connection (like PDA-s, mobile phones and their accessory-cables).

Also good for bypassing the MAX232 for testing (eg. if MAX232 was killed by swapped RX-TX).

For the PC=>AVR direction the trick is to tap onto the AVR-side of R52(=2k7, between the mcp3208 chip and LCD connector) to prevent conflict with the output of MAX232 (without unsoldering the MAX232).

The AVR => PC direction is easy, there should be no conflict with the MAX232's input (several inputs can listen on the same bus while only one can drive at a time).

See UsbToFbus.


See also